Detection of Viable and Total Bacterial Community in the Pit Mud of Chinese Strong-Flavor Liquor Using Propidium Monoazide Combined With Quantitative PCR and 16S rRNA Gene Sequencing

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  • Guangxun Tan
  • Rui Zhou
  • ZHANG, Wenqian
  • Yuanliang Hu
  • Zhiyong Ruan
  • Jing Li
  • Changyi Zhang
  • Dengjin Shen
  • Nan Peng
  • Yunxiang Liang
  • Shumiao Zhao

Microbiota in the pit mud (PM) plays a crucial role in the production of Chinese strong-flavor liquor (CSFL), the most popular distilled liquor in China. However, previous studies used total microbes, instead of viable ones, for the characterization of the microbial community in this environment. In this study, we used propidium monoazide (PMA) combined with quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and 16S rRNA gene sequencing to verify the effect of non-viablee bacteria on the characterization of PM bacteria. After PMA concentration optimization, 50 μM PMA was chosen to pretreat 5 and 20 years PMs. The qPCR results showed that there were 50.78 and 71.84% of non-viable bacteria in the 5-year PM and 20-year PM, respectively. Both copy numbers of total bacteria and viable bacteria were significantly higher in 20-year PM than those in 5-year PM. Nevertheless, in terms of bacterial diversity and composition analyses at the operational taxonomic unit (OTU), phylum, class, and genus levels, 16S rRNA gene sequencing results displayed no significant differences between total bacteria and viable bacteria in both PM types. In conclusion, it is necessary for non-viable bacteria to be considered in determining absolute biomass of bacteria in PM, but not necessary in the analysis of diversity and composition of PM bacteria. To the best of our knowledge, our study is the first attempt to analyze viable bacteria in the PM of CSFL and provides useful information on how to accurately characterize a microbial community in a PM environment.

TidsskriftFrontiers in Microbiology
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - 2020

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