Respiratory Physiology of European Plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) Exposed to Prymnesium parvum

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Respiratory Physiology of European Plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) Exposed to Prymnesium parvum. / Bergsson, Heidrikur; Andersen, Nikolaj Reducha ; Svendsen, Morten Bo Søndergaard; Hansen, Per Juel; Steffensen, John Fleng.

I: Fishes, Bind 4, Nr. 2, 32, 2019.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Bergsson, H, Andersen, NR, Svendsen, MBS, Hansen, PJ & Steffensen, JF 2019, 'Respiratory Physiology of European Plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) Exposed to Prymnesium parvum', Fishes, bind 4, nr. 2, 32. https://doi.org/10.3390/fishes4020032

APA

Bergsson, H., Andersen, N. R., Svendsen, M. B. S., Hansen, P. J., & Steffensen, J. F. (2019). Respiratory Physiology of European Plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) Exposed to Prymnesium parvum. Fishes, 4(2), [32]. https://doi.org/10.3390/fishes4020032

Vancouver

Bergsson H, Andersen NR, Svendsen MBS, Hansen PJ, Steffensen JF. Respiratory Physiology of European Plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) Exposed to Prymnesium parvum. Fishes. 2019;4(2). 32. https://doi.org/10.3390/fishes4020032

Author

Bergsson, Heidrikur ; Andersen, Nikolaj Reducha ; Svendsen, Morten Bo Søndergaard ; Hansen, Per Juel ; Steffensen, John Fleng. / Respiratory Physiology of European Plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) Exposed to Prymnesium parvum. I: Fishes. 2019 ; Bind 4, Nr. 2.

Bibtex

@article{d6b1e64f3a244b26b323b22249992475,
title = "Respiratory Physiology of European Plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) Exposed to Prymnesium parvum",
abstract = "During the last century, the blooms of the toxic haptophyte Prymnesium parvum have been responsible for massive fish kills in both aquaculture and wild populations. Despite decades of research, the ichthyotoxic properties of P. parvum, and how this alga affects fish, is still debated. Using a novel device to measure the respirometry, ventilation volume, ventilation frequency, oxygen extraction, and oxygen consumption of undisturbed European plaice(Pleuronectes platessa) were acquired during exposure to two algal species as well as hypoxia. Fourteen fish (258 ± 44 g) were initially exposed to severe hypoxia and left to recover for at least 48 h. Half of these fish were then exposed to known harmful concentrations of P. parvum (median ± standard deviation (SD); 2.6 × 105 ± 0.6 × 105 cells mL−1), while the remaining half ere exposed to the non-toxic alga Rhodomonas salina (median ± SD; 3.2 × 105 ± 0.7 × 105 cells mL−1). During exposure to severe hypoxia, all of the fish were able to maintain oxygen consumption by increasing the ventilation volume. The results from fish that were exposed to P. parvum showed a significant decrease in oxygen extraction (median ± SD; 52.6 ± 6.9 percentage points) from pre-exposure to the end of the experiment, as opposed to fish exposed to R. salina, which were unaffected. These results indicate that suffocation affects the European plaice when exposed to P. parvum. The observed severe decrease in oxygen extraction can be ascribed to either damage of the gill epithelia or increased mucus secretion on the gills, as both would limit the transfer of oxygen, and both have been observed",
author = "Heidrikur Bergsson and Andersen, {Nikolaj Reducha} and Svendsen, {Morten Bo S{\o}ndergaard} and Hansen, {Per Juel} and Steffensen, {John Fleng}",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.3390/fishes4020032",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
journal = "Fishes",
issn = "2410-3888",
publisher = "MDPI",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Respiratory Physiology of European Plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) Exposed to Prymnesium parvum

AU - Bergsson, Heidrikur

AU - Andersen, Nikolaj Reducha

AU - Svendsen, Morten Bo Søndergaard

AU - Hansen, Per Juel

AU - Steffensen, John Fleng

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - During the last century, the blooms of the toxic haptophyte Prymnesium parvum have been responsible for massive fish kills in both aquaculture and wild populations. Despite decades of research, the ichthyotoxic properties of P. parvum, and how this alga affects fish, is still debated. Using a novel device to measure the respirometry, ventilation volume, ventilation frequency, oxygen extraction, and oxygen consumption of undisturbed European plaice(Pleuronectes platessa) were acquired during exposure to two algal species as well as hypoxia. Fourteen fish (258 ± 44 g) were initially exposed to severe hypoxia and left to recover for at least 48 h. Half of these fish were then exposed to known harmful concentrations of P. parvum (median ± standard deviation (SD); 2.6 × 105 ± 0.6 × 105 cells mL−1), while the remaining half ere exposed to the non-toxic alga Rhodomonas salina (median ± SD; 3.2 × 105 ± 0.7 × 105 cells mL−1). During exposure to severe hypoxia, all of the fish were able to maintain oxygen consumption by increasing the ventilation volume. The results from fish that were exposed to P. parvum showed a significant decrease in oxygen extraction (median ± SD; 52.6 ± 6.9 percentage points) from pre-exposure to the end of the experiment, as opposed to fish exposed to R. salina, which were unaffected. These results indicate that suffocation affects the European plaice when exposed to P. parvum. The observed severe decrease in oxygen extraction can be ascribed to either damage of the gill epithelia or increased mucus secretion on the gills, as both would limit the transfer of oxygen, and both have been observed

AB - During the last century, the blooms of the toxic haptophyte Prymnesium parvum have been responsible for massive fish kills in both aquaculture and wild populations. Despite decades of research, the ichthyotoxic properties of P. parvum, and how this alga affects fish, is still debated. Using a novel device to measure the respirometry, ventilation volume, ventilation frequency, oxygen extraction, and oxygen consumption of undisturbed European plaice(Pleuronectes platessa) were acquired during exposure to two algal species as well as hypoxia. Fourteen fish (258 ± 44 g) were initially exposed to severe hypoxia and left to recover for at least 48 h. Half of these fish were then exposed to known harmful concentrations of P. parvum (median ± standard deviation (SD); 2.6 × 105 ± 0.6 × 105 cells mL−1), while the remaining half ere exposed to the non-toxic alga Rhodomonas salina (median ± SD; 3.2 × 105 ± 0.7 × 105 cells mL−1). During exposure to severe hypoxia, all of the fish were able to maintain oxygen consumption by increasing the ventilation volume. The results from fish that were exposed to P. parvum showed a significant decrease in oxygen extraction (median ± SD; 52.6 ± 6.9 percentage points) from pre-exposure to the end of the experiment, as opposed to fish exposed to R. salina, which were unaffected. These results indicate that suffocation affects the European plaice when exposed to P. parvum. The observed severe decrease in oxygen extraction can be ascribed to either damage of the gill epithelia or increased mucus secretion on the gills, as both would limit the transfer of oxygen, and both have been observed

U2 - 10.3390/fishes4020032

DO - 10.3390/fishes4020032

M3 - Journal article

VL - 4

JO - Fishes

JF - Fishes

SN - 2410-3888

IS - 2

M1 - 32

ER -

ID: 218669612