Binding Revisited - Avidity in Cellular Function and Signaling

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When characterizing biomolecular interactions, avidity, is an umbrella term used to describe the accumulated strength of multiple specific and unspecific interactions between two or more interaction partners. In contrast to the affinity, which is often sufficient to describe monovalent interactions in solution and where the binding strength can be accurately determined by considering only the relationship between the microscopic association and dissociation rates, the avidity is a phenomenological macroscopic parameter linked to several microscopic events. Avidity also covers potential effects of reduced dimensionality and/or hindered diffusion observed at or near surfaces e.g., at the cell membrane. Avidity is often used to describe the discrepancy or the "extra on top" when cellular interactions display binding that are several orders of magnitude stronger than those estimated in vitro. Here we review the principles and theoretical frameworks governing avidity in biological systems and the methods for predicting and simulating avidity. While the avidity and effects thereof are well-understood for extracellular biomolecular interactions, we present here examples of, and discuss how, avidity and the underlying kinetics influences intracellular signaling processes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number615565
JournalFrontiers in Molecular Biosciences
Volume7
Number of pages13
ISSN2296-889X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

    Research areas

  • avidity, functional affinity, retention time, cellular avidity, modeling avidity, SURFACE-PLASMON RESONANCE, QUARTZ-CRYSTAL MICROBALANCE, SUPPORTED LIPID-BILAYERS, COLI RNA-POLYMERASE, MULTIVALENT INTERACTIONS, RECEPTOR-BINDING, RESIDENCE TIME, LINKER LENGTH, HIGH-AFFINITY, LIGAND

ID: 257200708