Orchestration of signaling by structural disorder in class 1 cytokine receptors
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › Research › peer-review
Final published version, 2.2 MB, PDF document
Background: Class 1 cytokine receptors (C1CRs) are single-pass transmembrane proteins responsible for transmitting signals between the outside and the inside of cells. Remarkably, they orchestrate key biological processes such as proliferation, differentiation, immunity and growth through long disordered intracellular domains (ICDs), but without having intrinsic kinase activity. Despite these key roles, their characteristics remain rudimentarily understood.
Methods: The current paper asks the question of why disorder has evolved to govern signaling of C1CRs by reviewing the literature in combination with new sequence and biophysical analyses of chain properties across the family.
Results: We uncover that the C1CR-ICDs are fully disordered and brimming with SLiMs. Many of these short linear motifs (SLiMs) are overlapping, jointly signifying a complex regulation of interactions, including network rewiring by isoforms. The C1CR-ICDs have unique properties that distinguish them from most IDPs and we forward the perception that the C1CR-ICDs are far from simple strings with constitutively bound kinases. Rather, they carry both organizational and operational features left uncovered within their disorder, including mechanisms and complexities of regulatory functions.
Conclusions: Critically, the understanding of the fascinating ability of these long, completely disordered chains to orchestrate complex cellular signaling pathways is still in its infancy, and we urge a perceptional shift away from the current simplistic view towards uncovering their full functionalities and potential.
|Journal||Cell Communication and Signaling|
|Number of pages||30|
|Publication status||Published - 24 Aug 2020|
- IDRs, IDPs, Signaling, NMR, SAXS, SLiM, Disorder, Structural biology, CIDER, IDDomainSpotter, Cytokine receptors, Transmembrane receptors, COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR, PROLACTIN RECEPTOR, GROWTH-HORMONE, INTRINSIC DISORDER, ERYTHROPOIETIN RECEPTOR, BINDING-PROTEIN, SHORT FORMS, PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL 3-KINASE, SEQUENCE DETERMINANTS, INTRACELLULAR DOMAIN
Number of downloads are based on statistics from Google Scholar and www.ku.dk