863 genomes reveal the origin and domestication of chicken

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Ming Shan Wang
  • Mukesh Thakur
  • Min-Sheng Peng
  • Yu Jiang
  • Laurent Alain François Frantz
  • Ming Li
  • Jin-Jin Zhang
  • Sheng Wang
  • Joris Peters
  • Newton Otieno Otecko
  • Chatmongkon Suwannapoom
  • Xing Guo
  • Zhu-Qing Zheng
  • Ali Esmailizadeh
  • Nalini Yasoda Hirimuthugoda
  • Hidayat Ashari
  • Sri Suladari
  • Moch Syamsul Arifin Zein
  • Szilvia Kusza
  • Saeed Sohrabi
  • Hamed Kharrati-Koopaee
  • Quan-Kuan Shen
  • Lin Zeng
  • Min-Min Yang
  • Ya-Jiang Wu
  • Xing-Yan Yang
  • Xue-Mei Lu
  • Xin-Zheng Jia
  • Qing-Hua Nie
  • Susan Joy Lamont
  • Emiliano Lasagna
  • Simone Ceccobelli
  • Humpita Gamaralalage Thilini Nisanka Gunwardana
  • Thilina Madusanka Senasige
  • Shao-Hong Feng
  • Jing-Fang Si
  • Hao Zhang
  • Jie-Qiong Jin
  • Ming-Li Li
  • Yan-Hu Liu
  • Hong-Man Chen
  • Cheng Ma
  • Shan-Shan Dai
  • Abul Kashem Fazlul Haque Bhuiyan
  • Muhammad Sajjad Khan
  • Gamamada Liyanage Lalanie Pradeepa Silva
  • Thi-Thuy Le
  • Okeyo Ally Mwai
  • Mohamed Nawaz Mohamed Ibrahim
  • Megan Supple
  • Beth Shapiro
  • Olivier Hanotte
  • Greger Larson
  • Jian-Lin Han
  • Dong-Dong Wu
  • Ya-Ping Zhang

Despite the substantial role that chickens have played in human societies across the world, both the geographic and temporal origins of their domestication remain controversial. To address this issue, we analyzed 863 genomes from a worldwide sampling of chickens and representatives of all four species of wild jungle fowl and each of the five subspecies of red jungle fowl (RJF). Our study suggests that domestic chickens were initially derived from the RJF subspecies Gallus gallus spadiceus whose present-day distribution is predominantly in southwestern China, northern Thailand and Myanmar. Following their domestication, chickens were translocated across Southeast and South Asia where they interbred locally with both RJF subspecies and other jungle fowl species. In addition, our results show that the White Leghorn chicken breed possesses a mosaic of divergent ancestries inherited from other subspecies of RJF. Despite the strong episodic gene flow from geographically divergent lineages of jungle fowls, our analyses show that domestic chickens undergo genetic adaptations that underlie their unique behavioral, morphological and reproductive traits. Our study provides novel insights into the evolutionary history of domestic chickens and a valuable resource to facilitate ongoing genetic and functional investigations of the world’s most numerous domestic animal.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCell Research
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)693-701
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Author Correction: 863 genomes reveal the origin and domestication of chicken
DOI: 10.1038/s41422-020-0380-z

ID: 244235484