Casein and red meat proteins differentially affect the composition of the gut microbiota in weaning rats

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Casein and meat are food sources providing high-quality animal proteins for human consumption. However, little is known concerning potentially different effects of these animal protein sources during early stages of life. In the present study, casein and red meat proteins (beef and pork) were fed to young postweaning rats for 14 days based on the AIN-93G diet formula. Casein and red meat protein-based diets did not differentially affect the overall growth performance. However, they discriminately modulated the abundances of different potentially beneficial bacteria belonging to genus Lactobacillus. Intake of the casein-based diet increased the intestinal abundance of Lactococcus lactis with a pronounced potential for galactose utilization via the Tag6P pathway, and it also resulted in lower amounts of toxic ammonia in the rat cecum compared to red meat protein-based diets. We observed no adverse effects on colonic tissue in response to any of the protein-based diets based on histological observations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number133769
JournalFood Chemistry
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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© 2022 The Author(s)

    Research areas

  • Beef, Casein, Lactobacillus, Lactococcus, Pork

ID: 316746394