Detection of a single base deletion in codon 424 of the low density lipoprotein receptor gene in a Danish family with familial hypercholesterolemia

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

We performed a screening of exon 9 of the low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) gene in 14 Danish families with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) using the denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) technique. In one of the probands from these families an abnormal band pattern in the gradient gel was detected. Subsequent DGGE analysis of the family of this index patient revealed that the DGGE pattern cosegregated with the disease in this family. Sequencing of the exon showed a deletion of a C in codon 424 of the LDLR gene resulting in a frame shift with the introduction of a stop codon 5 codons further downstream. The mutation is referred to as FH-Odense. The predicted truncated receptor protein consists of the 428 amino terminal amino acids. Consequently, the cytosolic and membrane spanning parts of the mature LDL receptor, which normally secure the receptor in the plasma membrane, are missing. The FH-Odense mutation results in severe premature coronary atherosclerosis as shown by the clinical expression in 5 generations of the affected family.
Original languageEnglish
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)209-15
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Keywords: Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Amino Acid Sequence; Base Sequence; Child; Child, Preschool; Codon; Denmark; Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional; Female; Humans; Hyperlipoproteinemia Type II; Male; Middle Aged; Molecular Sequence Data; Mutation; Myocardial Ischemia; Pedigree; Polymerase Chain Reaction; Receptors, LDL; Survivors

ID: 11231626