Discovery of novel PPAR ligands by a virtual screening approach based on pharmacophore modeling, 3D shape, and electrostatic similarity screening

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Patrick Markt
  • Rasmus K Petersen
  • Esben N Flindt
  • Kristiansen, Karsten
  • Johannes Kirchmair
  • Gudrun Spitzer
  • Simona Distinto
  • Daniela Schuster
  • Gerhard Wolber
  • Christian Laggner
  • Thierry Langer
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are important targets for drugs used in the treatment of atherosclerosis, dyslipidaemia, obesity, type 2 diabetes, and other diseases caused by abnormal regulation of the glucose and lipid metabolism. We applied a virtual screening workflow based on a combination of pharmacophore modeling with 3D shape and electrostatic similarity screening techniques to discover novel scaffolds for PPAR ligands. From the resulting 10 virtual screening hits, five tested positive in human PPAR ligand-binding domain (hPPAR-LBD) transactivation assays and showed affinities for PPAR in a competitive binding assay. Compounds 5, 7, and 8 were identified as PPAR-alpha agonists, whereas compounds 2 and 9 showed agonistic activity for hPPAR-gamma. Moreover, compound 9 was identified as a PPAR-delta antagonist. These results demonstrate that our virtual screening protocol is able to enrich novel scaffolds for PPAR ligands that could be useful for drug development in the area of atherosclerosis, dyslipidaemia, and type 2 diabetes.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume51
Issue number20
Pages (from-to)6303-6317
Number of pages14
ISSN0022-2623
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

ID: 10243462