The increases in the rates of synthesis of ribosomal proteins and ribosomal RNA during refeeding of starved Tetrahymena cells are not dependent on DNA replication

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We have analysed the effects of an inhibition of DNA replication by hydroxyurea on the synthesis of ribosomal proteins (r-proteins) and ribosomal RNA (rRNA) in Tetrahymena cells resuming growth after long-term starvation. The coordinate regulation of the synthesis of individual r-proteins and their increased rate of synthesis during refeeding are not impaired by inhibition of DNA replication. Moreover, the presence of hydroxyurea does not prevent an increase in the rate of synthesis of rRNA around 70-80 min after refeeding. Previously, this increase was claimed to be gene dose-dependent. Up to 180 min after refeeding, the synthesis of r-proteins appears to be closely coupled with that of rRNA and proceed in stoichiometric balance, irrespective of whether hydroxyurea is present or not. After 180 min of refeeding in the presence of hydroxyurea, this stoichiometric balance breaks down, and the rate of synthesis of r-proteins clearly exceeds that of the rRNA synthesis.
Original languageEnglish
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)471-80
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Keywords: Animals; Cell Division; DNA Replication; Food; Hydroxyurea; RNA, Ribosomal; Ribosomal Proteins; Starvation; Tetrahymena

ID: 11368439