The treasure inside barley seeds: microbial diversity and plant beneficial bacteria

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

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The treasure inside barley seeds : microbial diversity and plant beneficial bacteria. / Bziuk, Nina; Maccario, Lorrie; Straube, Benjamin; Wehner, Gwendolin; Sørensen, Søren J.; Schikora, Adam; Smalla, Kornelia.

In: Environmental Microbiomes, Vol. 16, 20, 2021.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Bziuk, N, Maccario, L, Straube, B, Wehner, G, Sørensen, SJ, Schikora, A & Smalla, K 2021, 'The treasure inside barley seeds: microbial diversity and plant beneficial bacteria', Environmental Microbiomes, vol. 16, 20. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40793-021-00389-8

APA

Bziuk, N., Maccario, L., Straube, B., Wehner, G., Sørensen, S. J., Schikora, A., & Smalla, K. (2021). The treasure inside barley seeds: microbial diversity and plant beneficial bacteria. Environmental Microbiomes, 16, [20]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40793-021-00389-8

Vancouver

Bziuk N, Maccario L, Straube B, Wehner G, Sørensen SJ, Schikora A et al. The treasure inside barley seeds: microbial diversity and plant beneficial bacteria. Environmental Microbiomes. 2021;16. 20. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40793-021-00389-8

Author

Bziuk, Nina ; Maccario, Lorrie ; Straube, Benjamin ; Wehner, Gwendolin ; Sørensen, Søren J. ; Schikora, Adam ; Smalla, Kornelia. / The treasure inside barley seeds : microbial diversity and plant beneficial bacteria. In: Environmental Microbiomes. 2021 ; Vol. 16.

Bibtex

@article{001262e94e23439f991ba333509570f8,
title = "The treasure inside barley seeds: microbial diversity and plant beneficial bacteria",
abstract = "Background: Bacteria associated with plants can enhance the plants{\textquoteright} growth and resistance against phytopathogens. Today, growers aim to reduce the use of mineral fertilizers and pesticides. Since phytopathogens cause severe yield losses in crop production systems, biological alternatives gain more attention. Plant and also seed endophytes have the potential to influence the plant, especially seed-borne bacteria may express their beneficiary impact at initial plant developmental stages. In the current study, we assessed the endophytic seed microbiome of seven genetically diverse barley accessions by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing and verified the in vitro plant beneficial potential of isolated seed endophytes. Furthermore, we investigated the impact of the barley genotype and its seed microbiome on the rhizosphere microbiome at an early growth stage by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. Results: The plant genotype displayed a significant impact on the microbiota in both barley seed and rhizosphere. Consequently, the microbial alpha- and beta-diversity of the endophytic seed microbiome was highly influenced by the genotype. Interestingly, no correlation was observed between the endophytic seed microbiome and the single nucleotide polymorphisms of the seven genotypes. Unclassified members of Enterobacteriaceae were by far most dominant. Other abundant genera in the seed microbiome belonged to Curtobacterium, Paenibacillus, Pantoea, Sanguibacter and Saccharibacillus. Endophytes isolated from barley seeds were affiliated to dominant genera of the core seed microbiome, based on their 16S rRNA gene sequence. Most of these endophytic isolates produced in vitro plant beneficial secondary metabolites known to induce plant resistance. Conclusion: Although barley accessions representing high genetic diversity displayed a genotype-dependent endophytic seed microbiome, a core seed microbiome with high relative abundances was identified. Endophytic isolates were affiliated to members of the core seed microbiome and many of them showed plant beneficial properties. We propose therefore that new breeding strategies should consider genotypes with high abundance of beneficial microbes.",
keywords = "Beneficial microbes, Bioassays, Breeding strategies, Endophytes, Genotypes, Hordeum vulgare, PGPR, Rhizosphere microbiome, Seed microbiome",
author = "Nina Bziuk and Lorrie Maccario and Benjamin Straube and Gwendolin Wehner and S{\o}rensen, {S{\o}ren J.} and Adam Schikora and Kornelia Smalla",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2021, The Author(s).",
year = "2021",
doi = "10.1186/s40793-021-00389-8",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
journal = "Environmental Microbiomes",
issn = "1944-3277",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The treasure inside barley seeds

T2 - microbial diversity and plant beneficial bacteria

AU - Bziuk, Nina

AU - Maccario, Lorrie

AU - Straube, Benjamin

AU - Wehner, Gwendolin

AU - Sørensen, Søren J.

AU - Schikora, Adam

AU - Smalla, Kornelia

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2021, The Author(s).

PY - 2021

Y1 - 2021

N2 - Background: Bacteria associated with plants can enhance the plants’ growth and resistance against phytopathogens. Today, growers aim to reduce the use of mineral fertilizers and pesticides. Since phytopathogens cause severe yield losses in crop production systems, biological alternatives gain more attention. Plant and also seed endophytes have the potential to influence the plant, especially seed-borne bacteria may express their beneficiary impact at initial plant developmental stages. In the current study, we assessed the endophytic seed microbiome of seven genetically diverse barley accessions by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing and verified the in vitro plant beneficial potential of isolated seed endophytes. Furthermore, we investigated the impact of the barley genotype and its seed microbiome on the rhizosphere microbiome at an early growth stage by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. Results: The plant genotype displayed a significant impact on the microbiota in both barley seed and rhizosphere. Consequently, the microbial alpha- and beta-diversity of the endophytic seed microbiome was highly influenced by the genotype. Interestingly, no correlation was observed between the endophytic seed microbiome and the single nucleotide polymorphisms of the seven genotypes. Unclassified members of Enterobacteriaceae were by far most dominant. Other abundant genera in the seed microbiome belonged to Curtobacterium, Paenibacillus, Pantoea, Sanguibacter and Saccharibacillus. Endophytes isolated from barley seeds were affiliated to dominant genera of the core seed microbiome, based on their 16S rRNA gene sequence. Most of these endophytic isolates produced in vitro plant beneficial secondary metabolites known to induce plant resistance. Conclusion: Although barley accessions representing high genetic diversity displayed a genotype-dependent endophytic seed microbiome, a core seed microbiome with high relative abundances was identified. Endophytic isolates were affiliated to members of the core seed microbiome and many of them showed plant beneficial properties. We propose therefore that new breeding strategies should consider genotypes with high abundance of beneficial microbes.

AB - Background: Bacteria associated with plants can enhance the plants’ growth and resistance against phytopathogens. Today, growers aim to reduce the use of mineral fertilizers and pesticides. Since phytopathogens cause severe yield losses in crop production systems, biological alternatives gain more attention. Plant and also seed endophytes have the potential to influence the plant, especially seed-borne bacteria may express their beneficiary impact at initial plant developmental stages. In the current study, we assessed the endophytic seed microbiome of seven genetically diverse barley accessions by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing and verified the in vitro plant beneficial potential of isolated seed endophytes. Furthermore, we investigated the impact of the barley genotype and its seed microbiome on the rhizosphere microbiome at an early growth stage by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. Results: The plant genotype displayed a significant impact on the microbiota in both barley seed and rhizosphere. Consequently, the microbial alpha- and beta-diversity of the endophytic seed microbiome was highly influenced by the genotype. Interestingly, no correlation was observed between the endophytic seed microbiome and the single nucleotide polymorphisms of the seven genotypes. Unclassified members of Enterobacteriaceae were by far most dominant. Other abundant genera in the seed microbiome belonged to Curtobacterium, Paenibacillus, Pantoea, Sanguibacter and Saccharibacillus. Endophytes isolated from barley seeds were affiliated to dominant genera of the core seed microbiome, based on their 16S rRNA gene sequence. Most of these endophytic isolates produced in vitro plant beneficial secondary metabolites known to induce plant resistance. Conclusion: Although barley accessions representing high genetic diversity displayed a genotype-dependent endophytic seed microbiome, a core seed microbiome with high relative abundances was identified. Endophytic isolates were affiliated to members of the core seed microbiome and many of them showed plant beneficial properties. We propose therefore that new breeding strategies should consider genotypes with high abundance of beneficial microbes.

KW - Beneficial microbes

KW - Bioassays

KW - Breeding strategies

KW - Endophytes

KW - Genotypes

KW - Hordeum vulgare

KW - PGPR

KW - Rhizosphere microbiome

KW - Seed microbiome

U2 - 10.1186/s40793-021-00389-8

DO - 10.1186/s40793-021-00389-8

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 34711269

AN - SCOPUS:85118132553

VL - 16

JO - Environmental Microbiomes

JF - Environmental Microbiomes

SN - 1944-3277

M1 - 20

ER -

ID: 300918976