Distinct localization of FMRFamide- and bovine pancreatic polypeptide-like material in the brain, retrocerebral complex and suboesophageal ganglion of the cockroach Periplaneta americana L
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One bovine pancreatic polypeptide (BPP) antiserum and two FMRFamide antisera were applied in the peroxidase-antiperoxidase (PAP) immunohistochemical technique on a complete series of sections of brains, suboesophageal ganglia (SOG), corpora cardiaca (CC) and corpora allata of Periplaneta americana L. Double immunohistochemical staining demonstrated that the same perikarya and processes were stained by both the BPP and FMRFamide antisera. This was caused by cross-reaction of the BPP and FMRFamide antisera with common antigenic determinants as was shown by a number of solid-phase absorptions. Application of a third FMRFamide antiserum, which was especially selected for its inability to react with bovine and avian pancreatic polypeptide, showed that more than half of the structures that were stained with the 'unspecific' BPP and FMRFamide antisera, contained material which was genuinely FMRFamide-like. This peptide material was located in cerebral neuronal structures, in the SOG, in the storage site of the CC and in numerous nerve fibres throughout the neuropile regions, which suggested a neurotransmitter/modulator as well as a neurohormonal role. The FMRFamide-like peptide was also found to be present in the same brain sites as an adipokinetic hormone-like peptide, but double labelling revealed that these two substances were never located in the same perikarya or fibres.
|Number of pages
|Published - 2 Dec 1985
- Animals, Brain Chemistry, Cattle, Cockroaches, FMRFamide, Ganglia, Immune Sera, Immunoenzyme Techniques, Insect Hormones, Neurons, Oligopeptides, Pancreatic Polypeptide, Staining and Labeling